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Diet is the top priority of treating diabetes five -driving carriage.The effect of diabetes depends on many factors.In many cases, diet skills are important or even key factor affecting the treatment effect."Keep your mouth and open your legs"The six -character true meaning has long been the creed of the sugar friends.However, many sugar friends are doing this life -saving policy into daily life. They cannot be reasonably combined with reality, destroying their family and their own life rhythm.Therefore, understanding the following "trivial" diabetes diet skills is more conducive to the treatment of our patients.
The first category, whole grain and its products
All -valley food contains a variety of vitamins and trace elements. The index of lift blood sugar is not high, and it can account for 1/3 of the total staple food per day.
Including wheat, corn, millet, oats, buckwheat, barley, barley, sorghum, etc.
The second category: sweet potato
Sweet potatoes are very common in our lives, but many people think that sweet potatoes contain a large amount of starch and polysaccharides, causing many diabetic patients to dare not eat sweet potatoes.
In fact, the appropriate amount of sweet potatoes will not only cause blood sugar to increase blood sugar in patients with diabetes.
It will also bring us a lot of benefits,
Sweet potatoes contain more carotene and lutein, which can help diabetic patients prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
In order to prevent blood sugar from rising, sweet potatoes replace the staple food, so the staple food should be reduced when eating sweet potatoes, which helps to maintain stable postprandial blood sugar.
Third category Beans
Soybean is the only plant food that can provide high -quality protein for our human body.
It also contains more unsaturated fat and soluble dietary fiber,
As well as some plant activity ingredients, such as soybean extensions, soybean sterols, etc.
We can eat soybeans directly, or soy products,
Such as tofu, dried tofu, soy milk, etc.
Fourth category,green vegetables
Green vegetables are low -calorie foods and are very good for controlling weight.
Generally, green vegetables and melon eggplant vegetables are relatively low in carbohydrates,
Suitable for patients with diabetes,
Such as cabbage, rapeseed, spinach, tomato, cucumber, etc.
For rotor vegetables, such as potatoes, taro, yam, etc.
Such vegetables are relatively high in carbohydrates. For diabetic patients, they can be eaten as a staple food.
Fifth category, Citrus
For example, oranges, citrus, grapefruit and oranges are all fruits with low sugar content,
It can be used as an appropriate amount for meals,
It helps the balance between blood sugar between two meals with diabetic patients,
It is recommended to eat between two meals.
Nuts are rich in unsaturated fat,
Different nuts have different fat content,
Patients with diabetes try to choose nuts with lower fat content,
Such as watermelon seeds, peanuts, peaches, sesame, sesame and other relatively low fat content,
You can eat one every day, one small one day.
Like almonds, cashews, pine nuts and other fat content, minimize consumption.
Milk category is mainly to provide high -quality protein in the body.
And the milk also contains a lot of calcium,
Especially for elderly diabetic patients are the best choices,
It does not cause severe blood sugar fluctuations.
The daily intake of milk or dairy products is 300 grams,
If you drink milk with diarrhea, you can choose low lactose or sugar -free yogurt.
As a supplement to protein, diabetic patients can eat fish,
Because fish contains high-quality protein, the human body's absorption rate is high, about 87%-98%are absorbed by the human body.
For patients with normal uric acid levels,
It is recommended to eat fish every week 2 to 3 times, and the intake of each time is 80 ~ 150 grams.
Common eggs include eggs, duck eggs, goose eggs, quail eggs, etc.
There is no essential difference in nutritional value,
We can choose according to our own preferences,
However, it should be noted that the cooking method of eggs should be cooked as much as possible.
For example, steamed eggs, boiled eggs, etc. to avoid taking too much oil, which is not good for blood glucose control.
Eight types of foods for people who do not eat diabetes
Sugar sugar today introduces the following foods. I still have to avoid or try it!
1. fruit juice
In the eyes of many people, freshly squeezed juice is the best drink, and some people even use it to replace fruits.However, the well -known medical magazine "Liuye Knife · Diabetes and Internal Diamonds" published the latest research on the University of Glasgow in the United Kingdom found that a large number of drinking juice and the increase in risk of diabetes may be related.
New studies have shown that drinking 500 ml of grape juice every day will increase the risk of insulin resistance for 3 months, and insulin resistance will cause type 2 diabetes.The waist circumference of participants with an excessive weight will also be thickened.
Diabetes experts usually recommend that sugar friends minimize the drinking of fruit juice, because a cup of 100 ml of orange juice contains 15 grams of carbohydrates, and the calories are 60 kcal (equivalent to 50 grams of rice).
And some sugar friends may disagree with this heat.However, if you enjoy a freshly squeezed fresh orange juice, you will probably not only drink 100 ml. Generally, you must drink at least 200 to 300 ml each time.Essence
2. Milk tea
Different "milk" in milk tea is different from real milk. Experts point out: "'lack of calcium, B vitamins and vitamins A and D in milk tea, and the protein content is very low. The useful nutrients in milk, it basically does not basically do not basically doInstead, it contains a large amount of sugar, saturated fat, and trans fatty acids. Cantoneate can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. For middle -aged and elderly people, it is not conducive to sugar metabolism and lipid metabolism. "
The sugar content of pearl milk tea is extremely high. Take a cup of pearl milk tea as an example. The calories are as high as 550 kcal, which is equivalent to drinking 61 grams of oil oil. To consume the calories of a cup of pearl milk tea, you must ride a 3 -hour bicycle for 3 hours.If you drink a cup of pearl milk tea every day, you will gain 4.3 kg in two months.
A survey in Shanghai found that the average content of caffeine in a cup of milk tea reached 270 mg, and the highest content was 428 mg, which was about 4 cups of coffee, which was equal to 8 cans of red bulls.Caffeine has the effect of stimulating nerves, which can easily lead to symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, elevated blood pressure, sweating of palms, palpitations, and panic.Long -term consumption of caffeine can also affect the digestive system, leading to digestive ulcers; for women, caffeine may also increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Note that the following five seemingly sugar -free foods may actually have a high amount of sugar, and friends of diabetic patients should not eat randomly.
Whole wheat bread
We will buy a lot of bread on the market, and it tastes soft and delicious, but in factReal whole wheat bread tastes good, Special dry, difficult to swallow, the soft bread on the market will add some flour and other additives for the taste.
Friends of diabetic patients can eat whole wheat bread in moderation, but when buying bread, you should pay attention to see more ingredients tables to see if it is pure whole wheat bread.
Sugar -free cake
Diabetes friends must be on the cake, because it is a high -sugar food, which has a great impact on blood sugar.
For diabetic patients, sugar -free cakes seem to be suitable for them, but in fact, everyone should pay attention to distinguish, sugar -free cakes may just have no sucrose.
So-calledSugar -free uses other sugar products to replace sucrose. The ingredients for making cakes are mainly flour. The content of carbohydrates is very high. Eating it will still increase blood sugarEssence
Sugar -free biscuits
Sugar -free biscuits and sugar -free cakes are actually the same concept. The sugar -free is not sugar. In fact, it does not contain sucrose. In fact, there are still high carbohydrates in the biscuits.
Some merchants claim to eat biscuits suitable for diabetic patients. Everyone can eat it in moderation, but it also depends on the packaging component table and determined according to their blood sugar conditions.
Sugar -free drink
Many drinks are actually not suitable for diabetic patients. Many sugar friends who love to drink drinks will put their eyes on sugar -free drinks. Although they look 0 sugar, they look at the ingredients table carefully.
Friends of diabetic patients should pay more attention to drinking less drinks. Even if it is a sugar -free drink, drinking water in life is the most suitable for diabetic patients to drink. Everyone should ensure that sufficient water is taken every day.
In the case of stable blood glucose control, friends with diabetes can still eat fruit in moderation.But dried fruit is different.
Although dried fruit is made of fruit, itIn the process of processing, the water loss is lost. The rest are sugar, and some additives will be added. Some will add sugar. Dried fruit is not as healthy as we think.
Friends of diabetic patients can choose to eat some fruits with low sugar index in the case of good blood glucose control.
However, even the fruits made by the low -liter index are not suitable for friends of diabetic patients to eat, so everyone should pay more attention.
In daily life, diabetic patients should pay more attention when they eat, be sure to know what they should eat, what should not be eaten, and don't be blinded by some bad merchants to enter some food pits.
8. Pickled food
In the pickled smoked food, the salt content is very high, and it contains a certain amount of nitrite. Some sweet pickled pickles are also high in sugar.Therefore, it is not suitable for people with diabetes.
The production of traditional pickles must be inseparable from salt and sugar.Pickled food with salt or sugar is actually a traditional process. It mainly uses salt and sugar to control the large number of microorganisms.
Not only can the shelf life be extended, but it can also increase the special flavor and taste of food, but the health crisis lurking here is followed. The more you want to achieve the effect of long -term preservation.It must reach more than 15%, which is definitely a heavy taste.Eating often allows us to consume too much sodium ions, which is one of the causes of hypertension.
If the concentration of sugar is more than 65%, the diet of high sugar is one of the culprits that induce many chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes.Maybe many diners only think that pickles are more salt when they eat pickles, often ignoring invisible sugar.
Therefore, people with diabetes should still eat more fresh vegetables to be healthier for the body.
Diabetes and diet to grasp three points of blood sugar
Mix a little, control blood sugar by reasonable matching.
1. Stable mixed food
Different foods have different impact on our blood sugar.
2. Miscellaneous types
In addition to the mixed staple food, we also have to do food types.
When eating, the staple food is paired with an appropriate amount of protein and a large amount of vegetables. Such a mixed diet can effectively reduce the peak of blood sugar after meals and avoid larger blood sugar fluctuations.
A little bit
Diabetic people should not be less meat.But remember that eating meat should be thinner and choose thinner and abandon fat.
Although fat can delay the rise of blood sugar after meals, fat energy is also high.
People with diabetes need to control the total energy. If you eat a lot of fat, it will easily cause energy to exceed the standard, cause an increase in weight, and reduce the body's sensitivity to insulin.
Therefore, when eating meat, try to choose lean meat, eat chicken, duck, and goose and other poultry meat.The fish is also a good choice due to the low fat content.
A little bit
When cooking, it is lighter.
Many people with diabetes are not only high blood sugar, but also the problem of hypertension and hyperlipidemia.
Many diabetes complications are related to hypertension and hyperlipidemia. This reminds us that in order to prevent the complications of diabetes, blood pressure and blood lipids need to be controlled.
When you eat, you need to pay attention to the lightness: there are less oil and salt to help control blood pressure and blood lipids.