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Xinhua News Agency,moment information Beijing, December 20th Question: We must persist in relying on reform and opening up to enhance the vitality of development -deepen the regular understanding of the regular understanding of the new era of the new era.
Xinhua News Agency reporters Xie Xiyao, Pan Jie, Zou Duo, Pan Dexin
The Central Economic Work Conference held a few days ago proposed to deepen the regular understanding of the regular economic work. General Secretary Xi Jinping summarized it as "five must", which clearly stated that "we must adhere to relying on reform and opening up to enhance the development of vitality in development."
"It is necessary to make good use of the key movement of reform and opening up to promote reform and opening up with greater determination and efforts." General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized at the meeting.
This year is the beginning of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. It is also the 10th anniversary of the 45th anniversary of reform and opening up and the 10th anniversary of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Party.At a critical moment when a solid pace of building a socialist modern country, the Central Economic Work Conference emphasized that "coordinating and promoting deep -level reforms and high levels of opening up, continuously liberating and developing social productivity, stimulating and enhancing social vitality."A clear signal of pause and opening without stopping.
To enhance the vitality in the development must rely on reform and opening up
In the Qianhai Comprehensive Free Trade Zone, large enterprises such as Jingdong, Pinduoduo, Shein and other large enterprises are layout, and from here, "Chain" moves the world; Dajiaowan Port District, Tencent's new headquarters "Penguin Island" is prototype; Qianhai Shenzhen -Hong Kong International Financial City, High -end financial institutions and talents gathered ... In the winter season, Qianhai, a "special zone in the special zone", is full of vitality.
Time flies, and the story of Shenzhen is changing with each passing day.What is always unchanged is the feet of reform and opening up.
Reform and opening up is a key move to determine the fate of contemporary China, and it is also a key move to determine the goal of achieving the "two hundred years" and achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core has comprehensively deepened reforms with huge political courage, adhered to the goal leadership, highlights the problem orientation, dares to enter the deep water area, dares to stabb the bones, dares to involve the beach, and dare to face new contradictions in the face of new contradictionsNew challenges, resolutely eliminating the disadvantages of institutional mechanisms in all aspects, and unprecedented efforts to open a new situation.
Reform advanced to deeper levels-
From the party's construction, to the economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization ... The reform goals and tasks proposed by the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China have been completed as expected as scheduled, and more than 2,000 reform programs have been launched in all aspects.
Reform is the key to liberation and development of social productivity, and the fundamental motivation to promote the development of the country.Standing at a new historical starting point of comprehensively building a socialist modern country, in the face of more complex and changeable domestic and foreign situations and more difficult and heavy development tasks, we must also take power to reform.
Open to a higher level of progress- ——
my country has become the main trading partners in more than 140 countries and regions. The world's first trade in goods, the world's second in serving trade, the absorption of foreign investment and foreign investment in the world, the contribution rate to the world economy has been more than 30%over the years ... China is open to China ... China is open to China ... China is open to China ... China is open The bigger and bigger the door, not only accelerating its own development, but also benefiting the world.
To promote reform and development is an important magic weapon for my country's modernization construction.The transformation of a hundred years has accelerated, and the world has entered a new period of turbulent change.Facing the rapid international environment, it is necessary to hedge the uncertainty of the external shedding with an open definition.
At present, there is a blocking point in the large domestic cycle. The complexity, severeness, and uncertainty of the external environment have increased. We do a good job of economic work next year, accelerate the establishment of a new development pattern, and strive to promote high -quality development.one move".
The Central Economic Work Conference emphasizes the promotion of deep -level reforms and high levels of opening up, which provides a clear guidance for the expansion of the door to openness and the road to stabilizing the reform.
"Cultivating endogenous motivation must rely on reform and opening up, and the word" coordinating 'emphasizes the complementation of each other and highlights mutual promotion. "Zhao Fujun, director of the Comprehensive Research Office of the Ministry of Economic Research at the Ministry of Foreign Economic Research of the State Council, said that it is conducive to promoting deep -level reforms and high levels of opening up, which is conducive to conduciveCrack the obstacles of the deep -seated system mechanism, better transform the system advantage into national governance efficiency, and inject inexhaustible impetus into economic and social development.
Reform to the key areas to the reform of the reform
In the new era, adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, the fundamental motivation is still a comprehensive deepening reform.
Since the beginning of this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping has hosted a meeting of the 20th Central Committee of the Comprehensive Deepening Reform of the Central Committee three times to make a clearer top -level design for the comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up in the new era.
"Deepening the reform of key areas" is one of the nine key tasks of the Central Economic Work Conference to do a good job in the deployment of economic work next year.The meeting proposed that it is necessary to plan to further comprehensively deepen major reform measures, and inject strong driving forces in order to promote high -quality development and accelerate Chinese -style modernization.
Enterprises are the main body of the market, the cells of the economy, the cells are full of vitality, and the economy is vibrant.
The Central Economic Work Conference proposed that the "two unshakable" institutions and mechanisms are constantly improving, and the endogenous dynamics and innovative vitality of various business entities are fully stimulated.
The implementation of the reform of state -owned enterprises and deepening operations Clarify tasks, timetables, and roadmaps, and introduced opinions to promote the development of the private economy. The National Development and Reform Commission has established a private economic development bureau.A series of policies and measures have been introduced to accelerate the implementation, further boosting the confidence of operating entities and stimulating the vitality of the operating entity.
The market response is the most intuitive feedback on the effectiveness of reform.As of the end of September 2023, the country's registered operating entity reached 181 million, an increase of 6.7%over the end of 2022.In the first three quarters, the GDP increased by 5.2%year -on -year, and the growth rate maintained a leading leading global economy.
Only by breaking the institutional constraints and dredging breakpoints can the economic elements be fully flowing and stimulated the surging vitality.
The Central Economic Work Conference proposed that accelerating the construction of a unified unified market in the country, and focusing on breaking the protection and market division of various forms of localities.Effectively reduce the cost of logistics in the whole society.It is necessary to plan a new round of fiscal and taxation system reform and implement the reform of the financial system.
On December 18th, the executive meeting of the State Council heard a report on accelerating the progress of the work of the national unified market, and requested that "the rules of various systems that are conducive to the construction of unified markets in the country" ""Elberry is broken and removed."
Deepen the pilot work of rural collective operating land to be launched in an all -round way, steadily and orderly to relax the city's settlement policy, comprehensively implement the reform of stock issuance registration system, and accelerate the establishment of a unified data basic system system ... Continue forces in all aspects, a group of substances in the essenceSexual reform measures have been implemented one after another to promote substantial progress in the construction of unified unified markets across the country, and lay the foundation for promoting the virtuous cycle of the national economy.
However, the reformers have entered, but the innovators are strong, but the innovators have won.
To achieve the goal and tasks of the new era and new journey, we must take the comprehensive deepening reform as the fundamental driving force to promote the modernization of Chinese -style, and be an important starting point for the overall situation, the adaptation bureau, and the opening of the new bureaus.
"Comprehensively deepening reform is not only the basic guarantee of short -term stability, strong confidence, and strength, but also an important measure to further release the potential of domestic demand and enhance the development momentum of development." Zhao Fujun said that using the reform method to solve development problems, especially to promote stability to stabilize stabilityThe reforms that are expected to have important influence have accelerated the implementation, further enhance the confidence of operating entities and stimulate market vitality.
Expansion of opening up to openness to the outside world opens to the public
The more you face difficulties, the more you need to expand the opening up to promote deepening reforms, to deepen reforms and promote the expansion of opening up, injecting new impetus into economic development, adding new vitality, and expanding new space.
The Central Economic Work Conference emphasized in the deployment of nine key tasks next year to "expand the high level of openness to the outside world", clearly proposed that "to accelerate the cultivation of new foreign trade kinetic energy, consolidate the basic market for foreign trade and foreign capital, expand intermediate trade trade, service trade, digital trade, cross -crossingExport of E -commerce.
Since the beginning of this year, my country's foreign trade has been under pressure, but a set of data is very eye -catching-
In the first three quarters, the exports of new energy vehicles, lithium batteries, and photovoltaic products increased by 41.7%year -on -year, and export values maintained double -digit growth for 14 consecutive quarters; cross -border e -commerce imports and exports were 1.7 trillion yuan, a year -on -year increase of growth, year -on -year increase14.4%, driving the growth rate of the import and export of goods in the same period exceeding 1 percentage point ...
In the context of the weak global economic recovery and the sluggish cross -border trade investment, my country's foreign trade scale has remained stable, and the new model, new format, and new engines have played an important support role.
Yang Guangpu, director of the Research Office of the Macro Economic Research Center of the Development and Research Center of the State Council, said that foreign trade and foreign capital are important links connecting two markets and two resources. It is of great significance for steady growth and employment and accelerating the construction of a new development pattern.It is necessary to further upgrade the trade in cargo, innovate service trade, develop digital trade, conform to digital green development direction, further enhance the status of international division of labor, and move towards the mid -to -high -end high -end value chain.
Promoting high levels of opening up is conducive to deep reforms, opening up "broken roads", dredging "large arteries", unblocking "microcirculation", and promoting high -quality economic development.
The meeting proposed that "relaxation of telecommunications, medical care and other service industry market access, standardized international high -standard economic and trade rules, and conscientiously solving problems such as cross -border flow of data and participating in government procurement", and accelerated the signal of institutional openness.
After the baptism of reform and opening up, the passive recipients and active integration of my country's international economic and trade rules have gradually grown into an important participant.The institutional openings such as steadily expanding rules, regulations, management, and standards are conducive to promoting the integration of internal and external markets and rules, and improving my country's attractiveness to high -quality factors resources.
Accelerate the development of domestic and foreign trade integration and promote the integration of the rules and systems of domestic and foreign trade; the upgrade and expansion of the free trade test area to 22, accelerate the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port; to promote the addition of the "Agreement of Comprehensive and Progressive Cross -Pacific Partnerships" and "Digital Economy Partnerships" The Agreement Agreement "is an opportunity to further stimulate import potential and relax market access; promote the high -quality development of the" Belt and Road "... At present, the trend of globalization has risen, my country has steadily expanded its institutional opening, and continuously boosted foreign trade and foreign investment confidence Essence
Yang Guangpu said that expanding high levels of openness is to make full use of the two markets and two resources in terms of breadth and depth. Relying on my country's oversized market advantages, attracting global resource elements with large domestic cycles, strengthening the two domestic and international markets. Resource linkage effects to improve the quality and level of trade investment cooperation.
China's development is more and more open, the more open and more developed.